'Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-Use Bioethics' Monographs

A number of monographs and research reports have been produced as part of the Wellcome Project on building sustainable capacity in dual-use bioethics with a number of further papers planned for the future. This page provides details of the monographs produced to date and will be regularly updated. The links are in PDF format, however, for alternative formats or assistance with viewing these documents, please contact dualusebioethics@bradford.ac.uk 

 

 
Perkins Jamison Monograph Image

Dana Perkins and Selwyn Jamison, 2012, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 ? A Primer For Armed Forces Medical Laboratory Scientists, Society Scope, Winter, Volume 15, Number 1.

Perkins Jamison Monograph



Tatyana

Tatyana Novossiolova. 2011. Dual-Use Biosecurity Education beyond the Class Room: Continuing Professional Development for Life Scientists. University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.

Continuing Professional Development for Life Scientists (489 kb)


Graham S Pearson, Nicholas A. Sims & Malcolm R Dando (Eds). 2011. Strengthening the Biological Weapons Convention: Key Points for the Seventh Review Conference. Division of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.

Article I (283kb)

Article IV_2 (331kb)

Gerald monograph cover (6.23kb) Ethical training in neuroscience curricula in UK Universities, Bradford Disarmament Research Centre, University of Bradford, United Kingdom, September 2011.

Gerald Walther_ Where is the ethics? (pdf, 397KB).

Malcolm and Maria cover
Dual-use bioethics for the life sciences: the development of a country specific short-course template and a trial application to Argentina, August 2011.

Dual-Use Bioethics for the Life Sciences (Espona and Dando) 346kb

 

Ochieng Austin Aluoch (2011) Structure and Important Recommendations of the Fink Report: An African Perspective. Univeristy of Nairobi and University of Bradford.

STRUCTURE AND IMPORTANT RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE FINK REPORT (544kb)_

MD Monograph Logo  

Dando, Malcolm. (2011) Awareness of Education about the Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC): Why this is needed by all life scientists and how that might be achieved. Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics`.

Education and Awareness Raising of the BTWC (252kb)

Article IV of the BTWC requires that States Parties “prohibit and prevent” what is banned by Article 1. As long ago as the Second Review Conference in 1986 States Parties agreed that education and awareness of life scientists was an important element in prevention, yet discussions in Geneva in recent years have show quite clearly that such scientists are not aware of the Convention and their obligations under it. This paper argues that this is largely the result of the absence of such material in the education of life scientists and suggests ways in which States Parties might be able to use low cost practical initiatives to correct the educational deficiency and thereby strengthen the Convention and overall prohibition regime.

 Gould Monograph Logo 2011

Gould, Chandré. (2011) Biosecurity: an public health approach to reducing risk. Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics`.

Biosecurity: An Public Health Approach (pdf, 222kb)

JS_Dual-use_Soc (bmp, 46kb)

Sture. J. (2010)  Dual-Use Awareness and Applied Research Ethics: A Brief Introduction to a Social Responsibility Perspective for Scientists Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics`. 

This booklet is intended as a supplement to existing guidance and regulatory mechanisms in biosafety and bioethics with which you as a life scientist are already familiar.  It is not intended to overload you with further time-consuming and burdensome activity.  Rather, it is hoped that you will find some useful guidance here to support you as you move towards making dual use awareness and response a part of your daily professional life, just as you already do with issues of biosafety and bioethics.

 Dual Use and Soc Resp Guidance (pdf, 661kb)

Mono9_Pic (Bmp, 50kb)

Sture. J., and Minehata. M (2010) JSPS-ESRC Seminar Series, Dual-Use Education for Life Scientists: Mapping the Current Global Landscape and Developments: Seminar Report Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics`.

Our aim in producing this report on the meeting in Bradford, UK, in July 2010 is three-fold.  Firstly, we aim to provide an account of the presentations given, thereby offering an overview of the current international situation in regard to dual use bioethics and biosecurity education.  Secondly, we aim to provide an introduction to the principal issues that face stakeholder communities when faced with the need for education and awareness-raising in terms of dual use risks.  Thirdly, we aim to provide a number of conclusions and recommendations for the higher education and the life science communities, as well as the policy-making community, in the hope that these will be of practical use and assistance to ongoing international efforts to support the full implementation of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. We hope, therefore, that this report will not only offer an account of the Bradford meeting, but that it will also serve as an introductory overview to the current context for those readers who are unfamiliar with the subject.

ESRC_JSPS_Report (pdf, 1037kb)

Monograph 7 Image

Whitman. J (2010) When Dual Use Issues Are So Abundant, Why Are Dual Use Dilemmas So Rare? Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics`.

It is widely acknowledged that twenty-first century life science research presents numerous dual use issues - that much of the benign potential of new advances in the life sciences can also be misused for pernicious and destructive  purposes.  The problem is extensive enough that biotechnology itself has been characterized as a `dual use dilemma`.  This paper argues that it is unhelpful and misleading to place the focus of dual use bioethics on the apprehension of dilemmas; and that to place the onus of responsibility on practicing life scientists to experience dilemmas when the character and momentum of life sciences research is a structural matter is unlikely to enhance biosecurity. An ethics which turns crucially on dilemmas will not suffice.

Dual Use Dilemmas (PDF, 513 Kbs)

Image Nick Evans Report

Evans, N (2010) Dual-Use Bioethics: The Nuclear Connection, Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics`.

Abstract

Dual-Use Bioethics: The Nuclear Connection

Monograph front cover (BMP, 54kb)

 

Revill. J (2010) Developing Metrics and Measures for Dual-Use Education,Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics.

The concepts of education and awareness raising have received considerable attention in the international security discourse in the 21st Century and there have been a small number of programmes that have been designed to inter alia, survey educational content, develop educational material and engage in educational activity. However, there is little material on how such projects can be measured in terms of success or indeed what baselines can be identified from which to measure progress. Accordingly, this report outlines some of the issues that need to be taken into consideration in designing metrics and measures for such projects.

It begins by outlining the nature of the challenge, before moving on to look at how other analogous projects have sought to identify metrics and measures of success in the world of business ethics, development aid, human rights training and environmental education. The paper then proceeds to look at different methodologies that could be applied to the dual-use education context, such as a results framework, social network analysis and impact analysis, before concluding with a number of possible approaches to measuring success that could be employed and balance the need for pragmatic and simple indicators of success at the policy level, with the more rigorous requirements for determining progress from the academic perspective.

Metrics paper (PDF, 1.83 mbs)

Monograph 6 Front cover (BMP, 53 Kbs)

Minehata. M (2010) An Investigation of Biosecurity Education for Life Scientists in the Asia-Pacific Region, Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-use Bioethics.

This investigation aims to provide an insight to help support Asia-Pacific countries in developing biosecurity education for life scientists in order to prevent the destructive use of science. The investigation develops two stages of analysis. Firstly, the current national policy trends of regional countries on biosecurity, biosafety and bioethics issues are set out. Secondly, the investigation examines the survey results of the current state of biosecurity education at university level life science degree courses in Asia-Pacific. By doing so, the investigation is designed to identify a potential gap between national policy provisions of biosecurity issues and the implementation level of biosecurity education at universities in the region. Finally, the investigation considers potential approaches to promote biosecurity education.

Asia Pacific Biosec Investigation (pdf, 413kb)

Monograph 5 frontcover (BMP 57 kbs)

Revill. J (2009) Biosecurity and Bioethics Education: A Case Study of the UK Context. Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on `Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-Use Bioethics.

The purpose of this report is to assess the extent to which life science students and faculty members in the UK are exposed to biosecurity-related issues through social or ethical components in life science degree courses, but also through the content of text books, A-Level exam board syllabi and funders of life science research. The report suggests that biosecurity-related education is currently considered of limited relevance to many life science educators at universities in the UK. Moreover, even within bioethics-type modules linked to life science degree courses, topics such as biosecurity, dual-use and arms control remain a peripheral topic, which is only emerging as an issue within bioethics.There are however grounds for optimism, certainly funders of scientific research in the UK now obligate applicants to take dual-use issues into consideration when submitting funding proposals. In terms of the literature, although references to biosecurity, dual-use and arms control are limited, it appears that because these issues are increasingly salient in the security community discourse, authors of life science text books, in seeking to be contemporary and up to date, may be more amenable to including a reference to the illegality of biological weapons in future editions of text books. Such references, along with continued consideration of biosecurity in funding applications, will be important in building awareness of biosecurity and dual-use in the life science communities thinking.

UK Biosecurity and Bioethics Context (Pdf, 898 kb)

Monograph 4 (BMP, 54 kbs)

Minehata. M and D. Friedman (2009) Biosecurity Education in Israeli Research Universities. Research Report for the Wellcome Trust Project on Building a Sustainable Capacity in Dual-Use Bioethics.

This report considered what possible tools could be employed in Israel to help promote biosecurity education and awareness amongst life scientists about dual-use issues. It attempted to investigate the current state of biosecurity education for life scientists at research universities in Israel by sampling 35 academic courses from 6 research universities, mainly in bioethics topics. The results suggested that no specific module on biosecurity was found, results consistent with other studies, however, 4 biosafety modules and 28 bioethics modules were discovered.

Israel Survey (Pdf, 445 Kb)

Monograph 3 (BMP 53Kbs)

Crowley. M (2009) Dangerous Ambiguities: Regulation of Riot Control Agents and Incapacitants under the Chemical Weapons Convention, 2009, Bradford Non-lethal Weapons Research Project, University of Bradford, October 2009.

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is a multilateral treaty that proscribes the development, production,  tockpiling, transfer and use of chemical weapons and requires their destruction within a specified time period. As well as prohibiting the more lethal chemical weapons such as nerve agents and blistering agents, the CWC covers a wide range of chemicals within its scope of regulation including certain so-called `non-lethal¿ weapons such as riot control agents (RCAs) and incapacitants. This paper seek to review how two specific classes of `non-lethal' chemical agents - RCAs and incapacitants - and related means of dispersal and delivery, are regulated under the CWC.

Dangerous Ambiguities: Regulation of Riot Control Agents and Incapacitants  (Pdf, 1.1 mb)  

Monograph 2 Frontcover (BMP 54 Kbs)

M. Minehata & Shinomiya. M (2009) Biosecurity Education: Enhancing Ethics, Securing Life and Promoting Science: Dual-Use Education in Life-Science Degree Courses at Universities in Japan, Survey Report, 2009.  

Employing a survey methodology, the National Defense Medical College in Japan and the University of Bradford in the UK investigated the current state of biosecurity education in Japanese universities. This paper reports on the results of this survey and represents an introductory attempt to investigate the topic by sampling a limited number of universities in Japan.

Japan Survey (pdf, 705 kb)

Monograph 1 frontcover (BMP, 43kbs)

Manchini. G & Revill. J (2008) Fostering the Biosecurity Norm: Biosecurity Education for the Next Generation of Life Scientists, Landau Network-Centro Volta (LNCV), Como, Italy &  Bradford Disarmament Research Centre (BDRC), University of Bradford, November 2008.

This report is the result of an investigation which aimed to investigate the extent to which biosecurity education is included in academic curricula in life sciences higher education in Europe, but also to develop an understanding of the attitudes of life science educators towards such education. The report is thus intended to help answer some of the questions that surround biosecurity education, and posit some possible responses to the challenges of implementing such education for life sciences students.

European Survey (Pdf, 739 kb) 

 

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<p>Tatyana Novossiolova. 2011. <em>Dual-Use Biosecurity Education beyond the Class Room: Continuing Professional Development for Life Scientists. </em>University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.</p>
<p><span id="media-55387-0.18345215398248982" class="mceNonEditable"><a href="/terminalfour/SiteManager?ctfn=download&amp;fnno=60&amp;ceid=3293445">Continuing Professional Development for Life Scientists (489 kb)</a></span>&zwnj;<br /><br /></p>
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Malcolm Dando & Maria Espona_Dual-Use Bioethics Argentina (274KB), Dual-use bioethics for the life sciences: the development of a country specific short-course template and a trial application to Argentina, August 2011.



Gerald Walther_ Where is the ethics? (pdf, 397KB).Ethical training in neuroscience curricula in UK universities, Bradford Disarmament Research Centre, University of Bradford, United Kingdom, September 2011.



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