Andrew was appointed initially as Research Investment Lecturer (2007), as Lecturer in Forensic & Archaeological Sciences (2010) and as Senior Lecturer in Forensic & Archaeological Sciences (2012). He holds an academic teaching qualification, PGCert in Higher Education Practice (Bradford - 2011) and is Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. He was appointed to Corporate Membership (MIfA) of the Institute for Archaeologists (2010) and is a member of the IfA Expert Panel in Forensic Archaeology.
Andrew has attracted research funding from the Wellcome Trust, AHRC and JISC. He has led major interdisciplinary projects in the Digital Humanities, including ‘Digitised Diseases’ (with Co-Is Jo Buckberry, Chris Gaffney and Hassan Ugail), ‘From Cemetery to Clinic’ (with Co-Is Jo Buckberry, Chris Gaffney and Hassan Ugail) and ‘Visualising Animal Hard Tissues’ (with Co-Is Sonia O’Connor, Rob Janaway and Hassan Ugail). He has publications in numerous journals including Nature, Science, PNAS and Current Biology. He has had successful MPhil and PhD completions from funded, sponsored and self-financed sources.
Andrew has wide-ranging interests in Archaeological Science and Forensic Science. He first worked in field archaeology in Sussex in 1988. Initially he trained at the Institute of Archaeology and gained a First Class Honours BSc in Archaeological Conservation (UCL – 1991-94), with internships at the Ancient Monuments Laboratory and Wiltshire County Council Conservation Lab. On graduation he then worked as conservator and field archaeologist for South Eastern Archaeological Services before the opportunity to work as a research intern at the Conservation Analytical Laboratory, Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC with Noreen Tuross (1995-96). He returned to the UK and gained a Distinction with his MSc Osteology, Palaeopathology & Funerary Archaeology on the original Sheffield-Bradford human osteology course (Bradford – 1996-97). A year as Contracts Conservator at the Wiltshire County Council Conservation Service saw him undertake the Conservation of the South Cadbury Shield, which won the Museums & Galleries Commission National Conservation Award, amongst other projects (1998-99). He then returned to the University of Bradford for his Wellcome-Trust Prize PhD in Bioarchaeology (Bradford – 1999-2002).
Postdoctoral research initially included a six month project examining the impact of agrochemicals on the corrosion of metal artefacts (English Heritage), a three year Bioarchaeology Fellowship examining high resolution diet and seasonality information from hair (Wellcome Trust Bioarchaeology Programme) and a one year Fellowship examining the source, trade and exchange of textiles and their raw materials in Southern Peru (AHRC RCTCTS).
Andrew is Senior Lecturer in Forensic & Archaeological Sciences, with the following academic roles:
- Head of Postgraduate Taught Programmes in Archaeological Sciences (since 2010)
- Member Biological, Natural & Physical Sciences Research Ethics Panel (since 2009)
- Chair of Staff-Student Liaison Committee (since 2013)
- Member of Archaeological Sciences Teaching & Learning Committee (since 2010)
- Module Coordinator for a number of Final Year and Masters Level Modules
Andrew has been involved with organising conference sessions for:
- The Anatomical Society (2014)
- Mummy Congress (2011, 2004, 2001)
- UK Archaeological Sciences (2005)
Andrew has given invited lectures at Cambridge University, University of Copenhagen, University of Leiden, University of York, Dundee University, University of Lincoln, National Museum of Ireland, British Museum, Institute for Trichologists, TRI-Princeton, Centre for Skin Sciences Inaugural Event and BA Festival of Science.
Andrew has contributed to the following academic networks:
- Archaeology of Sheep Domestication (ESF Exploratory Workshop)
- Battlefields Cluster (AHRC/EPSRC Science & Heritage)
- Ivory Cluster (AHRC/EPSRC Science & Heritage)
Andrew’s research interests lie at the interface between archaeological science, forensic science and conservation science.
He leads a number of digitisation and visualisation projects working with human and animal remains, that include ‘Digitised Diseases’, ‘From Cemetery to Clinic’(both JISC-funded) and ‘Visualising Animal Hard Tissues’ (AHRC/EPSRC Science & Heritage).
Andrew also works on ancient keratin remains (hair/wool, nail). These survive only under exceptional conditions within the archaeological record, which brings him into contact with the field of Mummy Studies – essentially naturally preserved and artificially mummified human/ faunal remains recovered from extreme environments. These include frozen/ arid-desiccated remains from South America (e.g. frozen Inca child sacrifice victims from Volcán Llullaillaco), Greenland and Egypt; bog remains from NW Europe, cist burials and more recent 19th century archaeological contexts.
Andrew exploits the rapid formation/ incremental nature of hair/nail (~10 mm/ month for Caucasoid scalp hair) to reconstruct recent life-history (e.g. variation in diet connected with seasonal, physiological, geographic and cultural factors) using stable light isotope and other ancient biomolecular information. Andrew also works closely with other researchers on aspects of mtDNA survival, drug metabolites and other toxicological information in hair/ nail used for identification purposes.
Andrew also has research interests in taphonomy (the study of decay processes), and is interested in the variables affecting the decay of human remains subject to surface exposure/ soil burial and other modifications. In particular he has worked on histological changes to hair and fibres and on laboratory microcosm studies.
Fieldscale taphonomic experiments have been conducted at the Anthropological Research Facility (University of Tennessee, Knoxville), with the Bioanthropology Foundation in Southern Peru, and within the UK (including at our own taphonomic research facility at Oxenhope). He has strong linkages with other researchers active in this area (see also Rob Janaway).
Allied to this research is casework experience in forensic archaeology/ taphonomy, working closely with the Police. Andrew’s conservation background has also supported work on depositional environment fluxes and their impact on preservation of archaeological remains in-situ (e.g. EH-funded agrochemicals on metalwork; temperature/ re-oxygenation on Neolithic wood in Greek wetlands).
- Wilson, A. S. in print (2008). The decomposition of hair in the buried body environment. In M. Tibbett and D. O. Carter (ed.) Soil Analysis in Forensic Taphonomy: Chemical and Biological Effects of Buried Human Remains: 119-148. Boca Raton: CRC Press
- Frohlich, B., M. Zuckerman, T. Amgalantugs, D. Hunt, A. S. Wilson, M. T. P. Gilbert, R. Chambers, H. M. Coyle, B. Falkowski, E. Garofalo & E. Batchatar in press (2009). Human Mummified Remains from the Gobi Desert: Current Progress in Reconstruction and Evaluation. In P. Atoche (ed.) Proceedings of Mummy Congress. Lanzarote
- Janaway, R. C., A. S. Wilson, G. Carpio Díaz & S. Guillen in press (2009). Taphonomic changes to the buried body in arid environments: an experimental case study in Peru. In K. Ritz, L. Dawson and D. Miller (ed.) Criminal & Environmental Soil Forensics: 341-356. New York: Springer
- Edwards, H. G. M., J. Montgomery, N. D. Melton, M. D. Hargreaves, A. S. Wilson & E. A. Carter in press 2010. Gristhorpe Man : Raman Spectroscopic Study of a Bronze Age Log Coffin Burial. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy
- Gilbert, M. T. P., D. J. Tobin & A. S. Wilson in press. Hair as a source of ancient DNA. In G. Dorado (ed.) Molecular markers, PCR, Bioinformatics & Ancient DNA - Technology, Troubleshooting & Applications: New York: Science Publishers
- Pollard, A. M., D. R. Brothwell, A. Aali, S. Buckley, H. Fazeli, M. Hadian Dehkordi, T. Holden, A. K. G. Jones, J. J. Shokouhi, R. Vatandoust & A. S. Wilson in press. Below the salt: a preliminary study of the dating and biology of five salt-preserved bodies from Zanjan Province, Iran. Iran - Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies
- Janaway, R. C., S. L. Percival & A. S. Wilson 2009. Decomposition of human remains. In S. L. Percival (ed.) Microbiology and Aging: Clinical Manifestations: New York: Springer
- Petrou, M., H. G. M. Edwards, R. C. Janaway, P. Kavvouras, G. B. Thompson & A. S. Wilson 2008. The degradation of lignocellulosics under conditions applicable to wetlands in northern Greece. In H. Kars and R. M. Van Heeringen (ed.) Preserving achaeological remains in situ. Proceedings of the 3rd conference 7-9 December 2006: Geoarchaeological and Bioarchaeological studies 10. 47-54. Amsterdam
- Wilson, A. S. 2008. The decomposition of hair in the buried body environment. In M. Tibbett and D. O. Carter (ed.) Soil Analysis in Forensic Taphonomy: Chemical and Biological Effects of Buried Human Remains: 123-151. Boca Raton: CRC Press
- Edwards, H. G. M., A. S. Wilson, N. F. N. Hassan, A. Davidson & A. Burnett 2007. Raman spectroscopic analysis of human remains from a seventh century cist burial on Anglesey, UK. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 387: 821-828
- Gilbert, M. T. P., L. P. Tomsho, S. Rendulic, M. Packard, D. I. Drautz, A. Sher, A. Tikhonov, L. Dalen, T. Kuznetsova, P. Kosintsev, P. F. Campos, T. Higham, M. J. Collins, A. S. Wilson, F. Shidlovskiy, B. Buigues, P. G. P. Ericson, M. Germonpre, A. Gotherstrom, P. Iacumin, V. Nikolaev, M. Nowak-Kemp, E. Willerslev, J. R. Knight, G. P. Irzyk, C. S. Perbost, K. M. Fredrikson, T. T. Harkins, S. Sheridan, W. Miller & S. C. Schuster 2007. Whole-genome shotgun sequencing of mitochondria from ancient hair shafts. Science 317: 1927-1930
- Gilbert, M. T. R., D. Djurhuus, L. Melchior, N. Lynnerup, M. Worobey, A. S. Wilson, B. Andreasen & J. Dissing 2007. mtDNA from hair and nail clarifies the genetic relationship of the 15th century Qilakitsoq inuit mummies. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 133: 847-853
- Wilson, A. S., H. I. Dodson, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2007. Selective biodegradation in hair shafts derived from archaeological, forensic and experimental contexts. British Journal of Dermatology 157: 450-457
- Wilson, A. S. & M. T. P. Gilbert 2007. Hair and nail. In T. Thompson and S. Black (ed.) Forensic Human Identification: an Introduction: 147-174. Boca Raton: CRC Press
- Wilson, A. S., R. C. Janaway, A. D. Holland, H. I. Dodson, E. Baran, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2007. Modelling the buried human body environment in upland climes using three contrasting field sites. Forensic Science International 169: 6-18
- Wilson, A. S., M. P. Richards, B. Stern, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2007. Information on Grauballe man from his hair. In P. Asingh and N. Lynnerup (ed.) Grauballe Man: An Iron Age Bog Body Revisited: 188-195. Moesgaard: Jutland Archaeological Society
- Wilson, A. S., T. Taylor, M. C. Ceruti, J. A. Chavez, J. Reinhard, V. Grimes, W. Meier-Augenstein, L. Cartmell, B. Stern, M. P. Richards, M. Worobey, I. Barnes & M. T. P.Gilbert 2007. Stable isotope and DNA evidence for ritual sequences in Inca child sacrifice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104: 16456-16461
- Gilbert, M. T. P., R. C. Janaway, D. J. Tobin, A. Cooper & A. S. Wilson 2006. Histological correlates of postmortem mitochondrial DNA damage in degraded hair. Forensic Science International 156: 201-207
- Gilbert, M. T. P., L. Menez, R. C. Janaway, D. J. Tobin, A. Cooper & A. S. Wilson 2006. Resistance of degraded hair shafts to contaminant DNA. Forensic Science International 156: 208-212
- Pollard, A. M., L. Wilson, A. S. Wilson & A. J. Hall 2006. Assessing the influence of agrochemicals on the rate of copper corrosion in the vadose zone of arable land - Part 2: laboratory simulations.. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 7: 225-239
- Wilson, L., A. M. Pollard, A. J. Hall & A. S. Wilson 2006. Assessing the influence of agrochemicals on the nature of copper corrosion in the vadose zone of arable land - Part 3: geochemical modelling. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 7: 241-260
- Wilson, A. S. 2005. Hair as a Bioresource in Archaeological Study. In D. J. Tobin (ed.) Hair in Toxicology: an Important Biomonitor: 321-345. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry
- Edwards, H. G. M., N. F. N. Hassan & A. S. Wilson 2004. Raman spectroscopic analyses of preserved historical specimens of human hair attributed to Robert Stephenson and Sir Isaac Newton. Analyst 129: 956-962
- Gilbert, M. T., A. S. Wilson, M. Bunce, A. J. Hansen, E. Willerslev, B. Shapiro, T. F. Higham, M. P. Richards, T. C. O'Connell, D. J. Tobin, R. C. Janaway & A. Cooper 2004. Ancient mitochondrial DNA from hair. Current Biology 14: R463-4.
- Pollard, A. M., L. Wilson, A. S. Wilson, A. J. Hall & R. Shiel 2004. Assessing the Influence of Agrochemicals on the Rate of Copper Corrosion in the Vadose Zone of Arable Land. Part 1: Field Experiments. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 6: 363-375
- Wilson, A. S., H. I. Dodson, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2004. The development of a histological index for assessing the condition of hair from archaeological or forensic contexts. Journal of the German Society of Dermatology 2: 515
- Janaway, R. C., A. S. Wilson, A. D. Holland & E. N. Baran 2003. Taphonomic change to the buried body and associated materials in an upland peat environment: experiments using pig carcasses as human body analogues. In N. Lynnerup, C. Andreasen and J. Berglund (ed.) Mummies in a New Millenium: 56-59. Copenhagen: Greenland National Museum and Archives & Danish Polar Center
- Wilson, A. S., H. I. Dodson, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2003. Survival and alteration - experiments in hair degradation. In N. Lynnerup, C. Andreasen and J. Berglund (ed.) Mummies in a New Millenium: 63-66. Nuuk, Greenland: Greenland National Museum and Archives, Danish Polar Center
- Wilson, A. S. 2002. The South Cadbury Shield: Problems of Differential Corrosion In Archaeological Bronze. In H. Moody (ed.) Back to Basics: 9-12. London: The Metals Section - United Kingdom Institute for Conservation
- Caffell, A. C., C. A. Roberts, R. C. Janaway & A. S. Wilson 2001. Pressures on Osteological Collections - The Importance of Damage Limitation. In E. Williams (ed.) Human Remains: Conservation, Retrieval and Analysis: British Archaeological Reports International Series 934. 187-197. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports
- Janaway, R. C., A. S. Wilson, A. C. Caffell & C. A. Roberts 2001. Human skeletal collections: the responsibilities of project managers, physical anthropologists, conservators and the need for standardised condition assessments. In E. Williams (ed.) Human Remains: Conservation, Retrieval and Analysis: British Archaeological Reports International Series 934. 199-208. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports
- Neal, A. V., A. S. Wilson & S. C. Minnitt 2001. The South Cadbury Shield Project. Scottish Society for Conservation and Restoration Journal 12: 17-21
- Wilson, A. S., R. A. Dixon, H. I. Dodson, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard, B. Stern & D. J. Tobin 2001. Yesterday's Hair - Human Hair in Archaeology. Biologist 48: 213-217
- Wilson, A. S., R. A. Dixon, H. G. M. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard & D. J. Tobin 2001. Towards an Understanding of the Interaction of Hair with the Depositional Environment. Chungara, Revista de Antropologia Chilena 33: 293-296
- Wilson, A. S., R. A. Dixon, R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard, B. Stern & D. J. Tobin 2001. Yesterday's Hair - Human Hair in Archaeology. Biologist 48: 213-217
- Wilson, A. S., R. C. Janaway, A. M. Pollard, R. A. Dixon & D. J. Tobin 2001. Survival of Human Hair - The Impact of the Burial Environment. In E. Williams (ed.) Human Remains, Conservation, Retrieval and Analysis: British Archaeological Reports International Series 934. 119-128. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports
- Wilson, A. S. & S. C. Minnitt 2001. The South Cadbury Shield: from Discovery to Display. The Archaeologist 40: 21-24
- Coles, J. M., Minnitt, S.C., Wilson, A.S., Somerset County Museums Service, S. C. Minnitt & A. S. Wilson 2000. Ceremony and display: the South Cadbury Bronze Age Shield. Taunton: Somerset County Museums Service
- Wilson, A. S. 2000. Hair Degradation. Trends in Analytical Chemistry 19: VIII
Andrew is active in communicating science to the wider public.
- Digitised Diseases (2011-present) contributions to ‘You Are What You Ate’ Exhibition at Pontefract Museum and ‘Doctors, Dissection & Resurrection Men’ Exhibition via Museum of London Archaeology
- Gristhorpe Man (2005-8 Scarborough Museum/ Dr. Nigel Melton) and at BA Festival of Science (2004)
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