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Dr Helen Trouille

PositionSenior Lecturer in Law
DepartmentSchool of Law
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Research Interests (key words only)

International Criminal Law, French Criminal Procedure, International Humanitarian Law, Access to Justice in East Africa

Teaching and Supervisory Responsibilities

  • Advanced International Law (LLM International Legal Studies)
  • International Criminal Law (stage 3 and LLM)
  • The Law of Succession (stage 3)
  • Criminal Law (stage 2)
  • Business, Law and Ethics (stage 1)
  • Law for Expert Witnesses (MSc Forensic Archaeology and Crime Scene Investigation)

Administrative Responsibilities

  • Law School Research Ethics Panel Representative
  • Law School Year Abroad Co-ordinator


Helen has published on the investigation and prosecution of sexual offences at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and on the prosecution of Rwandan genocide suspects by the French courts, as well as on French criminal procedure.

Helen is a Solicitor of the Senior Courts, with a current practising certificate, and carries out some legal work as a consultant solicitor. In addition to her teaching and research, Helen also offers assistance in her area of expertise (the Administration of Estates) to final year students following the Law in the Community 2 module (Law Clinic).

A fluent French-speaker, Helen also works as an interpreter for the Courts, the police and the Home Office, and as a pro bono interpreter/translator/researcher with the Manuel Bravo Project in Leeds, an organisation which offers legal assistance for asylum seekers who do not have the financial means to appeal against a refusal of their asylum claim.

In addition to her qualifications in Law and Legal Studies, Helen is a graduate from the University of Manchester (BA (Hons) Modern Languages French and German) and the University of Nottingham (MA). She taught French at the Universities of Bradford and Wolverhampton for several years, with a particular research and teaching interest in French criminal procedure, and led the French section at Bradford for three years.

Since qualifying as a Solicitor, she has taught at the Universities of York and Bradford.

Study History

  • PhD by published work, 2017, University of Bradford: ‘Rights, responsibilities and reform: a study of French justice (1990-2016).’
  • LLM, 2012, Leeds Law School: ‘An examination of the shortcomings of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in the prosecution and investigation of sexual offences committed against women during the 1994 Rwandan genocide.’ 
  • Solicitor of the Senior Courts
  • Graduate Diploma in Law, Certificate in Legal Practice, 2005-6, BBP Law School, Leeds
  • Diploma in Public Service Interpreting (French/Law), 1998, Institute of Linguists
  • MA (French), 1991, University of Nottingham: 'The changing role of the ‘juge d’instruction’
  • PGCE, 1986, University of Sheffield
  • BA (Modern Languages: French and German), 1983, University of Manchester

Professional Activities

Helen is a Solicitor of the Senior Courts and maintains a current practising certificate. Her specialist area of practice is Administration of Estates (Wills and Probate). She acts as a consultant in this area and teaches a final year module on the Law of Succession.

She is also a qualified legal interpreter and interprets for the Courts, Police, Home Office and local firms of solicitors.

Research Areas

Helen’s current research interests include international criminal law, French criminal law, and prison reform in France, and she is happy to supervise undergraduate and Masters level dissertations in areas such as:

  • The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
  • The prosecution of Rwandan genocide suspects by European states
  • French criminal procedure
  • International Criminal Law
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • Access to Justice in East Africa

Current Projects

Helen has been awarded pump priming funding by the University of Bradford’s Faculty of Management and Law and a research grant from the Society of Legal Scholars to carry out a research project entitled ‘Justice in post conflict states: the role of faith-based Non-governmental Organisations in providing access to justice in post-conflict East African states.’ This project consists of an investigation of the impact that local, faith-based Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) have on providing access to justice in Rwanda and Uganda, where there is no provision for legal aid, and an assessment of the value of support the NGOs receive from their international partners (eg in the UK).

Previous projects:

AHRB research leave award of £9 865 for project on the impact of legislation and reform on the role of the French juge.

Conference organisation and publication of proceedings: Faut-il avoir peur des juges? - organised with Pascale Feuillée-Kendall (University of Reading) at Institut Français, London, with support of French Délégation Culturelle (French Embassy), Franco-British Lawyers Society and Association of Modern and Contemporary France (£2,600).


  • Law Society of England and Wales
  • Association of Law Teachers
  • Society of Legal Scholars
  • Socio-Legal Studies Association
  • Interpreter, National Register of Public Service Interpreters (French/Law)


See Helen's publications on Bradford Scholars.

Refereed journal articles

Trouille, H. ‘France and universal jurisdiction and the Rwandan génocidaires: the Pascal Simbikangwa trial,’ (2016) Journal of International Criminal Justice, 14 (1), 195-217

Trouille, H. ‘How far has the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda really come since Akayesu in the Prosecution and Investigation of Sexual Offences committed against Women? An Analysis of Ndindiliymana et al.’ (2013) International Criminal Law Review 13 (4), 747–788

Trouille, H. with Feuillée-Kendall, P. (2004) “French prisons: une humiliation pour la République” Modern and Contemporary France, 12 (2) 159-175, ISSN 0963-9489

Trouille, H. (2000) “Holiday Camp or Boot Camp? Where does France stand in the Prison Reform Debate?” The Justice Professional, 13, 391-403

Trouille, H. (2000) “Private Life and Public Image: French Privacy Legislation” International and Comparative Law, 49 (1) 199-208, ISSN 0020-5893

Trouille, H. (1994) “A Look at French Criminal Procedure” The Criminal Law Review, 735-743, ISSN 0011-135X

Le juge d’instruction - a figure under threat or supremely untouchable?’
Modern and Contemporary France; vol NS2, No 1, January 1994, pp 11-19; ISSN 9063-9489

‘Reforms to the Code pénal March 1st 1994’
Modern and Contemporary France, vol NS 2, No 4, September 1994, pp 503-508; ISSN 9063-9489

Books and book chapters

Trouille, H. and Feuillée-Kendall, P. (eds) (2004) Justice on Trial: the French juge in question, Peter Lang, Bern, ISBN 3-03910-184-6

‘Criminal Law and Criminal procedure and the challenge of Europeanisation: the French perspective’ in eds Francesca Astengo and Nanette Neuwahl, A Constitution for Europe? Governance and Policy-making in the European Union, collection Etudes européennes, Bibliothèque Nationale du Québec/Bibliothèque Nationale du Canada, 2004, vol II, pp 297-312, ISBN2-921770-41-5

‘Modes of Detection in the Crime Reality Show’ 
in eds Emer O’Beirne and Anne Mullen Crime Scenes: Detective Narratives in European Culture since 1945, Rodopi, Amsterdam - Atlanta, 2000, pp 15-24, ISBN 90-420-1223-4

‘Legal Translation in the Classroom: a Case Study’ 
(with Farid Aitsiselmi), in eds C.Bocquet et al, La traduction juridique - histoire, théorie(s) et pratique, Association Suisse des Traducteurs, Terminologues et Interprètes/Ecole de Traduction et d’Interprétation, Berne et Genève, 2000, pp 371-393

‘Secrecy, Privacy and Human Rights in the Fifth Republic’ 
in ME Allison and ON Heathcote (eds), Forty Years of the Fifth French Republic: Actions, dialogues and discourses, Peter Lang, Bern, 1999, pp 223-236, ISBN 3-906763-66-8

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