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CARAFE Research Projects

Foreign Direct Investment effects model

Bradford research led to the development of the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) model which fed into the formulation of international policy tools.

The tools are the Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investment (PRAI) and the Indicators for Measuring and Maximizing Economic Value Added and Job Creation from Private Investment in Specific Value Chains (IMMEV).

PRAI was adopted by the Group of 20 (G20) Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in 2010 and is currently in use to determine relevant national policies aiming to attract investment in agriculture, in Africa and South East Asia.

IMMEV is used to support the Development Pillar of G20 and its use is currently implemented in six countries:

  • Bangladesh
  • Cambodia
  • Dominican Republic
  • Laos
  • Mongolia
  • Mozambique

Intellectual capital impact on cost of equity capital

Funded by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland (ICAS), this project examines the effect of intellectual capital disclosure on the cost of equity capital.

The findings of this project suggest the level of intellectual capital disclosure has a negative effect on the cost of equity capital and such effect is more pronounced in capital intensive sectors.

The findings of this project are summarized in an online article entitled “Financial reporting ill-equipped to deal with intellectual capital” which received more than 177,000 hits between April 2010 and November 2013.

SME exporting

Building upon the work of evidence submitted to the House of Lords Select Committee on SMEs and exporting (BCIB 2013), this project intends to provide a systematic analysis of the main surveys, reports and papers published by governmental and non-governmental agencies on obstacles to UK SMEs internationalisation and on policies and programmes to help UK SMEs to internationalise successfully.

Shared management international joint ventures and dysfunctional inter-firm diversity

This a joint project with researchers at University of Ulster.

It aims to identify how negative inter-firm diversity frustrates the management and performance of International Joint Ventures (IJVs) via shared management control based on 20 in-depth interviews with corporate directors and senior managers from four shared management IJVs in the British retailing industry.

Impact of the presence of FMNEs on indigenous firms' exports and domestic sales

This is a joint project with researchers at South Western University of Finance and Economics.

It examines whether and how foreign direct investment (FDI) by foreign multinational enterprises (FMNEs) simultaneously affects indigenous firms’ exports and domestic sales based on a sample from Annual Industrial Survey Database of the Chinese National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) covering 357,641 firms over the period of 2000 to 2007.

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