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Dr Alan Ogden

PositionResearch Fellow in Biological Anthropology
DepartmentSchool of Archaeological and Forensic Sciences
Telephone+44 (0) 1274 236051

Teaching and Supervisory Responsibilities

He regularly lectures on facial reconstruction, general and dental palaeopathology, and the interpretation of radiographs.

He is running the postgraduate courses in Musculo-Skeletal Anatomy in 2008, 2009, 2010, was joint organiser of the postgraduate Palaeopathology Course in 2009 & 2010 and is Course Organiser for Palaeopathology 2011.


Trained as a dental surgeon, and having spent twelve years in general and hospital practice, Alan Ogden was a Clinical Lecturer/Associate Specialist in Restorative Dentistry at Leeds Dental Institute for twenty years, with an especial interest in dental implants.

After a lifelong interest in Archaeology, Alan trained in Osteology and Palaeopathology (Bradford 2001) and has been a Contract Osteologist/ Research Fellow at Bradford ever since.

Alan ran the postgraduate modules on Musculo-Skeletal Anatomy in 2003 and Archaeology of Human Remains in 2004.

He was principal speaker in an intensive two-day course on Dental Anthropology at Bradford in September 2009 and a similar course is now being organised for Autumn 2012. 

Professional Activities

An Honorary life-member of the British Society for the Study of Prosthetic Dentistry, Alan is a member of:

  • British Association for Biological Anthropology (BABAO)
  • American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA)
  • Palaeopathology Association (PPA)
  • American Schools for Oriental Research (ASOR)
  • British Dental Association

He is a reviewer for the following journals:

  • International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
  • Journal of Human Evolution
  • Cambridge University Press
  • British Dental Journal
  • European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

He gives frequent lectures to the general public on:

  • Osteology
  • Palaeopathology
  • Facial Reconstruction
  • The Battle of Towton
  • Forensic Odontology
  • Health and Nutrition in the Past - Lessons for Today

Research Areas

Alan's especial research interests are the Palaeopathology of teeth and jaws, and Facial Reconstruction in Forensics and Archaeology.

Alan has produced skeletal reports on 150 medieval individuals from Norton Priory, 100 Middle Bronze Age burials from the British Museum excavation at Sidon in the Lebanon, numerous Victorian individuals from Worcester and Wolverhampton, as well as several Romano-British from Humberside.

Alan has only recently completed reports on thirty individuals from Neolithic barrows in the Yorkshire Wolds (for English Heritage), 1200 individuals from Hereford Cathedral and 400 skeletons from the Iron Age cemetery at Wetwang Slack, Yorkshire.

He is currently using SEM and electron probe analysis to investigate the causes and patterning of severe enamel hypoplasia. His animated facial reconstruction of Gristhorpe Man, probably the best preserved Bronze-Age skeleton in the UK, has been displayed at academic conferences in 2008, and was included in the presentation which won the runner-up prize at the Awards for the Presentation of Heritage Research at the British Association Festival of Science in Liverpool 2008. This reconstruction and the video are now on permanent display at the Rotunda Museum, Scarborough.

He has produced facial reconstructions of lepers from the mediaeval leprosarium at Chichester. He has reconstructed the face from a recently discovered skull, thought to have come from the ill-fated Franklin Polar Expedition of 1845, in order to confirm the owner's suspected identity. His most recent project, commissioned by Historic Scotland, has been to reconstruct the face of a fatally injured Mediaeval noblewoman from Stirling Castle in Scotland and this is currently on display at the Castle Museum.


  • Ogden A.R. Diet-related pathology of teeth and jaws. In Katzenberg A. & Lee-Thorpe J. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Diet. (In preparation)
  • DJ Ortner & A.R.Ogden The pathology of teeth and jaws. In Ortner D.J., Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. (In preparation)
  • A.R. Ogden Facial reconstruction. In N. Melton, J. Montgomery, C. Knusel (Eds). Gristhorpe Man: a Life and Death in the Iron Age. Oxford: Oxbow Books. (In Press)
  • A.R. Ogden, C.Doumet Serhal, A. Anderson, H.Hofbauer, K. Keefe, R. Mikulski, R. Power, H. Schutkowski. (2011). Human remains from twelve years of excavation in Sidon, Lebanon. Archaeology and History in the Lebanon. 34-35: 226-235
  • Schutkowski H, Ogden A . (2011). Sidon of the Plain, Sidon of the Sea – Reflections on Middle Bronze Age diet in the Eastern Mediterranean. Archaeology and History in the Lebanon.34-35: 213-225
  • P.V. Ponce & A.R. Ogden (2011). Ectopic Lower Third Permanent Molar within the Mandibular Condyle: an Archaeological Example. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. (In Print). DOI: 10.1002/oa.1253
  • S. Mays, A.R. Ogden, J. Montgomery, S. Vincent, W. Battersby.(2011) New light on the personal identification of a skeleton of a crewmember of Sir John Franklin’s last expedition to the arctic, 1845. Journal of Forensic Sciences DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2011.02.022
  • Knusel,C.J., Batt,C.M., Cook, G., Montgomery, J., Muldner, G., Ogden, AR., Palmer, C., Stern, B.,Todd, J. Wilson, A.S. 2010. The Identity of the St Bees Lady,Cumbria: An Osteobiographical Approach. Medieval Archaeology, 54. 271-311
  • Ogden. A.R. The surviving human remains. In Gibson, A. & Bayliss, A. 2009. Recent Research at Duggleby Howe, North Yorkshire. The Archaeological Journal 166: 50-59
  • Gibson, A. & Bayliss, A. with contributions by H.Heard, I.Mainland, A.R.Ogden, C.Bronk Ramsay, G.Cook, J. Van der Plicht, P. Marshall. 2010. "Recent work on the Neolithic Round Barrows of the Upper Great Wold Valley, Yorkshire. In Round Mounds and Monumentality in the British Neolithic and Beyond." Ed J. Leary, T. Darvill, D.Field. Neolithic Studies Group Seminar Papers 10, Oxford: Oxbow Books. 72-107
  • Melton, N., Montgomery, J., Knusel, C, Batt, C., Needham, S., Parker Pearson, M., Sheridan, A., Heron, C., Horsley, T., Schmidt, T., Evans, A., Carter, E., Edwards, H., Hargreaves, M., Janaway, R., Lynnerup, N., Northover, P., O’Connor, S., Ogden, A., Taylor, T., Wastling, V., Wilson, A. 2010. Gristhorpe Man: an Early Bronze Age log-coffin burial scientifically defined. Antiquity 84: 796-815
  • Ortner D. J., Ponce P., Ogden A. R. & Buckberry J. L. (2012). Multicentric osteosarcoma associated with DISH, in a 19th Century burial from England. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 22: 245-252. DOI: 10.1002/oa.1196
  • Gibson, A. & A. R. Ogden 2008. Burial J and the Duggleby Howe Club Scene. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 80: 1-13
  • Ogden, A. R., R. Pinhasi & W. J. White 2008. Nothing new under the heavens: MIH in the past? European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 9(4): 166-171.
  • Ogden, A. R. 2008. Periapical voids in human jaw bones. In M. Smith and M. Brickley (ed.) Proceedings of the 8th Annual Meeting of the British Association for Biological Anthropology & Osteoarchaeology 51-56. British Archaeological Reports International Series 1743. Oxford: Archaeopress
  • Ogden, A. R. 2008. Dental health and disease at Norton Priory. In F. Brown and C. Howard-Davis (ed.) Excavations at Norton Priory 1970-87:183-195. Lancaster Imprints
  • Ogden, A. R. 2008. Advances in the paleopathology of teeth and jaws. In S. Mays and R. Pinhasi (ed.) Advances in Human Paleopathology: 283-307. Chichester: Wiley
  • Ogden, A. R. & F. Lee 2008. Dental health and disease. In C. Magilton, F. Lee and A. Boylston (ed.) Lepers outside the gate: Excavations at the cemetery of the Leper Hospital of St James and St Mary Magdalen, Chichester,1986-1993: CBA Research Report no. 154. 188-197. York: Council for British Archaeology
  • Cussans, J. E. & A. R. Ogden 2007. Human teeth. In S. J. Dockrill, J. M. Bond, A. N. Smith and R. A. Nicholson (ed.) Investigations on Sanday, Orkney, Vol 2: Tofts Ness, Sanday. An Island Landscape through 3000 years of prehistory: 208. Kirkwall: Orcadian/Historic Scotland
  • Knüsel, C. J. & A. R. Ogden 2007. Analysis of Human Remains: Paleopathology. In D. M. Pearsall (ed.) Encyclopedia of Archaeology: 1795-1809. London: Elsevier
  • Ogden, A. R., R. Pinhasi & W. J. White 2007. Gross enamel hypoplasia in molars from subadults in a 16th-18th century London graveyard. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 133: 957-966
  • Pinhasi, R., P. Shaw, B. White & A. R. Ogden 2006. Morbidity, rickets, and long-bone growth in post-medieval Britain - a cross-population analysis. Annals of Human Biology 33: 372-389
  • Boylston, A. & A. R. Ogden 2005. A study of Paget's disease at Norton Priory, Cheshire, England: a medieval religious house. In S. R. Zakrzewski and M. Clegg (ed.) Proceedings of the fifth annual conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology: British Archaeological Reports International Series 1383. 69-76. Oxford: Archaeopress
  • Ogden, A., A. Boylston & T. Vaughan 2005. Tallow Hill Cemetery, Worcester: the importance of detailed study of post-mediaeval graveyards. In S. R. Zakrzewski and M. Clegg (ed.) Proceedings of the fifth annual conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology: British Archaeological Reports International Series 1383. 51-58. Oxford: Archaeopress
  • Anderson, T., S. O'Connor & A. R. Ogden 2004. An early eighteenth century denture from Rochester, Kent, England. Antiquity 78: 1423-1429
  • Ogden, A. R. & H. Schutkowski 2004. Human Remains from Middle Bronze Age burials at Sidon, Lebanon: the 2001 Season. The Levant 36: 159-166

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