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Andy Scally

PositionSenior Lecturer
LocationChesham B2.23a
DepartmentSchool of Allied Health Professions and Midwifery
Feedback Hours9am – 5pm Monday to Friday
Telephone01274 236431

Research Interests (key words only)

Medical statistics, quantitative research methods, applied health research, radiological science and protection.

PhD Supervision

Current students

  • Sam Malton (Pharmacy)  2015 –
  • Rachel Boys (Pharmacy) 2015 –
  • Laura Lamming (FoHS) 2016 –

Teaching and Supervisory Responsibilities

Andy’s teaching has spread across several modules, disciplines and faculties.

His main teaching areas are in radiological science, protection and technology, quantitative research methods, medical statistics and research ethics.


Andy's career has gradually evolved from radiographer, to medical physicist, to medical statistician and his teaching and research interests remain spread across the three disciplines.

  • (2005 - present) Current Post
  • (1996 - 2005) Lecturer, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Bradford
  • (1992 - 1996) Lecturer, Bradford and Airedale College of Health
  • (1989- 1992) Scientist/Senior Scientist, RPS Ltd, Sutton, Surrey
  • (1987 - 1989) Medical Physics Technician, Middlesex Hospital Medical School
  • (1985 - 1987) Radiographer, Croydon General Hospital
  • (1984 - 1985) Locum Radiographer, Jenny Reeves Radiographer Agency, London
  • (1984) Locum Radiographer, Cork Regional Hospital, Ireland

Study History

  • (2006) MSc Medical Statistics, University of Leicester
  • (1996) MSc Computational Physics, University of Salford
  • (1992) BSc (Hons) Physics, Birkbeck College, University of London
  • (1984) DCR(R), Nottinghamshire Area School of Radiography

Professional Activities

  • External Examiner for St George’s, London. MRes (Clinical Practice) (2014- present)
  • College of Radiographers Assessor for the Approval and Accreditation of programmes (2005 - )
  • Reviewer for Radiography (2009 - present)
  • Reviewer for PLoS ONE. (2015 – present)

Research Areas

As a medical statistician Andy has been, and remains, involved in collaborative research in a wide range of medical, biomedical and health disciplines, including: medical imaging, optometry, pharmacy, oncology, health and social care and a broad range of specialist medical disciplines.

He has experience in the design and analysis of epidemiological studies, randomised controlled trials and studies of diagnostic accuracy, and is familiar with a broad range of data analytical techniques.

Current Projects

Andy Scally, Professor MA Mohammed, Dr John Stoves. The implementation of a sick day e-Alert in Primary Care for the prevention of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in a community-based population. Yorkshire and the Humber Strategic Clinical Networks (CVD).

Professor MA Mohammed, Professor John Wright, Dr Claire Marsh, Ray Cuschieri, Donald Richardson, Andy Scally, Michael Rooney. Combining physiological and biomedical data into a novel computer-aided risk score to support near real-time clinical decision making and determine its impact on quality/safety of care in two hospitals. (CARS Project). Health Foundation.

Research Collaborations

Andy has extensive research collaborations with University colleagues in the Faculties of Life Sciences and Health Studies, and with medical practitioners and other health professionals within the NHS.


  • Expert member, Bradford/Leeds Research Ethics Committee, NHS Health Research Authority, Yorkshire and the Humber
  • Deputy Director, Bradford Evaluation and Trials Unit, University of Bradford (2014-2016)


Supuk E, Alderson A, Davey CJ, Green C, Litvin N, Scally AJ, Elliott DB. Dizziness, but not falls rate, improves after routine cataract surgery: the role of refractive and spectacle changes. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2016; 36: 183–190.

Buckley JG, Pacey IE, Panesar GK, Scally A, Barrett BT. Prehension of a Flanked Target in Individuals With Amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Nov 1;56(12):7568-80. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-16860.

Davey CJ, Scally AJ, Green C, Mitchell ES, Elliott DB. Factors influencing accuracy of referral and the likelihood of false positive referral by optometrists in Bradford, United Kingdom. J Optom. 2015 Nov 21. pii: S1888-4296(15)00086-2. doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2015.10.007.

Elliott DB, Foster RJ, Whitaker D, Scally AJ, Buckley JG. Analysis of lower limb movement to determine the effect of manipulating the appearance of stairs to improve safety: a linked series of laboratory-based, repeated measures studies. Public Health Research Volume: 3 Issue: 8. July 2015

Elliott DB, Hotchkiss J, Scally AJ, Foster R & Buckley JG. Intermediate addition multifocals provide safe stair ambulation with adequate ‘short-term’ reading. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2015. doi: 10.1111/opo.12236

Subedi N, Chew NS, Chandramohan M, Scally AJ, Groves C. Effectiveness of fluoroscopy-guided intra-articular steroid injection for hip osteoarthritis. Clin Radiol. 2015 Nov;70(11):1276-80.

Richard J. Foster, David Whitaker, Andrew J. Scally, John G. Buckley and David B. Elliott. What You See Is What You Step: The Horizontal–Vertical Illusion Increases Toe Clearance in Older Adults During Stair Ascent. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 56(5):2950-2957, May 2015.

Diane Farrar, Jo Neill, Andy Scally, Derek Tuffnell and Kay Marshall. Is objective and accurate cognitive assessment across the menstrual cycle possible? A feasibility study. Sage Open Medicine (2015), 2015 Jan 08; Vol. 3,  pp. 2050312114565198

Anderson, D., Najafzadeh, M., Gopalan, R., Ghaderi N, Scally AJ, Britland, S.T., Jacobs, B.K., Reynolds, P.D., Davies, J., Wright, A.L., Al-Ghazal, S., Sharpe, D., Denyer, M.C. (2014) Sensitivity and specificity of the empirical lymphocyte genome sensitivity (LGS) assay: implications for improving cancer diagnostics. The FASEB Journal, 28. doi: 10.1096/fj.14-254748.

Whitelaw, D.C., Scally, A.J., Tuffnell, D.J., Davies, T.J., Fraser, W.D., Bhopal, R.S., Wright, J., Lawlor, D.A. (2014) Associations of Circulating Calcium and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D With Glucose Metabolism in Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional Study in European and South Asian Women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 99 (3), pp.938–946.

Scally, A.J. (2014) Ethical issues in research involving children and young people. Radiography, 10.1016/j.radi.2014.01.006.

Scally, A.J. (2014) A practical introduction to medical statistics. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, DOI:10.1111/tog.12081 (available on-line pre-publication).

Sethi, N., Tay, P.H., Scally, A.J., Sood, S. (2014) Stratifying the risk of facial nerve palsy after benign parotid surgery. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology, DOI:10.1017/S0022215113003502.

Urban, R., Armitage, G., Morgan, J., Marshall, K., Blenkinsopp, A., Scally, A. (2014) Custom and practice: A multi-center study of medicines reconciliation following admission in four acute hospitals in the UK. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, DOI:10.1016/j.sapharm.2013.06.009

Ayre, C., Scally, A.J. (2014) Critical Values for Lawshe’s Content Validity Ratio: Revisiting the Original Methods of Calculation. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 47 (1), pp.79-86.

Farrar, D., Tuffnell, D., Neill, J., Scally, A., Marshall, K. (2014) Assessment of cognitive function across pregnancy using CANTAB: A longitudinal study. Brain and Cognition, 84 (2014), pp.76–84.

Adler, P., Scally, A.J., Barrett, B.T. (2013) Test–retest reproducibility of accommodation measurements gathered in an unselected sample of UK primary school children. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 0, pp.1–6. doi:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2012-302348

Saleem, M.M., Harte, M.K., Marshall, K.M., Scally, A., Brewin, A., Neill, J.C. (2013) First episode psychosis patients show impaired cognitive function - a study of a South Asian population in the UK. Journal of Psychopharmacology,

Hardy, M., Snaith, B., Scally, A. (2013) The impact of immediate reporting on interpretive discrepancies and patient referral pathways within the emergency department: a randomised controlled trial. The British Journal Of Radiology, 86 (1021), p.20120112.

Shaheed, S.U., Rustogi, N., Scally, A., Wilson, J., Thygesen, H., Loizidou, M.A., Hadjisavvas, A., Hanby, A., Speirs, V., Loadman, P., Linforth, R., Kyriacou, K., Sutton, C.W. (2013) Identification of stage-specific breast markers using quantitative proteomics. J Proteome Res, 12 (12). pp.5696-708.

Barrett, B.T., Panesar, G.K., Scally, A.J., Pacey, I.E. (2013) Binocular Summation and Other Forms of Non-Dominant Eye Contribution in Individuals with Strabismic Amblyopia during Habitual Viewing. PLoS ONE, 8 (10), p.e77871. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077871

Oddie, S.J., Craven, V., Deakin, K., Westman, J., Scally, A.J. (2013) Severe neonatal hypernatraemia: a population based study. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed, 98 (5), pp.F384-7.

Bruce, A., Pacey, I.E., Bradbury, J.A., Scally, A.J., Barrett, B.T. (2013) Bilateral Changes in Foveal Structure in Individuals with Amblyopia. Ophthalmology, 120 (2), pp.395-403. Doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2012.07.088

Chapman, G.J., Scally, A., Buckley, J.G. (2012) Importance of binocular vision in foot placement accuracy when stepping onto a floor-based target during gait initiation. Experimental brain research, 216 (1), pp.71-80

Hardy, M., Snaith, B., Scally, A. (2012) The impact of immediate reporting on interpretive discrepancies and patient referral pathways within the emergency department: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Radiology, 86 (1021). 

Barrett, B.T., Panesar, G.K., Scally, A.J., Pacey, I.E. (2012) A limited role for suppression in the central field of individuals with strabismic amblyopia. PLoS ONE, 7 (5), p.e36611. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036611

Hill, A., Sapsford, R.J., Scally, A., Kelly, R., Richards, S.J., Khurisgara, G., Sivananthan, M.U, Hillmen, P. (2012) Under-recognised complications in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria raised pulmonary pressure and reduced right ventricular function. British Journal of Haematology, 158 (3), pp.409-14.  

Kotze, A., Carter, L.A., Scally, A.J. (2012) Effect of a patient blood management programme on preoperative anaemia, transfusion rate, and outcome after primary hip or knee arthoplasty: a quality improvement cycle. British Journal of Anaestheisa, 108 (66), pp.943-52. doi: 10.1093/bja/aes135

McMahon, K.M., Volpato, M., Chi, H.Y., Musiwaro, P., Poterlowicz, K., Peng, Y., Scally, A.J., Patterson, L.H., Philips, R.M., Sutton, C.W. (2012) Characterisation of Changes in the Proteme in Different Regions of 3D Multicell Tumor Spheroids. Journal of Proteme Research. 11 (5), p.2863-75.

Adler P, Scally AJ, Barrett BT (2012) Test-retest variability of Randot stereoacuity measures gathered in an unselected sample of UK primary school children. Br J Ophthalmol. doi:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2011-300729

Varghese B, Muthukumar N, Balasubramaniam M, Scally A (2011) Reliability of measurements with digital radiographs - a myth. Acta Orthopaedica Belgica. 77 (5) 622-5

Fogerty S, King DG, Groves C, Scally A, Chandramohan M (2011) Interobserver variation in reporting CT arthrograms of the shoulder. European Journal of Radiology. 80, 811-813

Hill, Kelly, Patalappa, Whittle, Scally, Hughes, Ashcroft, Hill (2011) Survival of Patients with Hematological Malignancy Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU): Prognostic Factors and Outcome Compared to Unselected Medical ICU Admissions, a Parallel Group Study. Leukemia and Lymphoma.

Brealey S, Scally A (2011) Literature Evaluation and Critique. In: A. Ramlaul, ed. Medical Imaging and Radiotherapy Research - Skills and Strategies. Elsevier Lte.

Moore P, Armitage G, Wright J, Dobrzanski S, Ansari N, Hammond I, Scally A (2011) Medicines reconciliation using a shared electronic health care record. Journal Of Patient Safety. 7(3) 148-154

Brooker D, Argyle E, Scally AJ, Clancy D (2011) The Enriched Opportunities Programme for people with dementia: a cluster-randomised controlled trial in 10 extra care housing schemes. Aging & Mental Health. 15 (8) 1008-1017.

Buckley JG, Timmis MA, Scally AJ, Elliott DB. (2011) When Is Visual Information Used to Control Locomotion When Descending a Kerb? PLoS ONE. 6(4) e19079

Howell-Duffy C, Scally AJ, Elliott DB (2011) Spectacle prescribing II: practitioner experience is linked to the likelihood of suggesting a partial prescription. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 31(2) 155-67

Chapman GJ, Scally A, Elliott DB. (2011) What drives adaptive gait changes to acutely presented monocular blur?Optometry And Vision Science: Official Publication Of The American Academy Of Optometry. 88 (2) 352-4.

Chapman GJ, Scally AJ, Elliott DB (2011) Adaptive gait changes in older people due to lens magnification. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 31: 311-317

Sutton CW, Rustogi N, Gurkan C, Scally A, Loizidou MA, Hadjisavvas A, Kyriacou K (2010) Quantitative proteomic profiling of matched normal and tumor breast tissues. Journal Of Proteome Research. 9(8) 3891-902

Durn JH, Marshall KM, Farrar D, O'Donovan P, Scally AJ, Woodward DF, Nicolaou A (2010) Lipidomic analysis reveals prostanoid profiles in human term pregnant myometrium. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, And Essential Fatty Acids[Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids] 82(1) 21-6

Chapman GJ, Vale A, Buckley J, Scally AJ, Elliott DB (2010) Adaptive gait changes in long-term wearers of contact lens monovision correction. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 30: 281–288

Archibong U, Scally A, Eferakorho J, Darr A, Atkin K, Baxter C, Johnson MRD, Bell M, Waddington L, Wladasch K, Bedard T, Adejumo O, Sharps P, Bradshaw P (2010) Positive Action Measures Across Different Equality Grounds, Organisations and Sectors in European and Non-European Countries. The International Journal of Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations. 10(3)

Kotzé A, Scally A, Howell S (2009) Efficacy and safety of different techniques of paravertebral block for analgesia after thoracotomy: a systematic review and metaregression. Br J Anaesth. 103(5) 626-36

Richardson J, Collinghan N, Scally AJ, Gupta S (2009) Bilateral L1 and L2 dorsal root ganglion blocks for discogenic low-back pain. Br J Anaesth. 103 (3)416-9

Brealey S, Hewitt C, Scally A, Hahn S, Godfrey C, Thomas N (2009) Bivariate meta-analysis of sensitivity and specificity of radiographers' plain radiograph reporting in clinical practice. Br J Radiol. 82: 600-604

Reddy V, Symes F, Sethi N, Scally AJ, Scott J, Mumtaz R, Stoves J (2009) Dietitian-led education program to improve phosphate control in a single-center hemodialysis population. J Ren Nutr. 19(4) 314-20

Bruce A, Pacey IE, Dharni P, Scally AJ, Barrett BT (2009) Repeatability and reproducibility of Macular Thickness Measurements Using Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. The Open Ophthalmology Journal.

Jain A, Phillips RM, Scally AJ, Lenaz G, Beer M and Puri R (2009) Response of multiple recurrent TaT1 bladder cancer to intravesical apaziquone (EO9): comparative analysis of tumour recurrence rates. Urology. 73(5) 1083-6

Archibong U, Darr A, Eferakorho J, Scally A, Atkin K, Baxter C, Johnson MRD, Bell M, Waddington L, Wladasch K, Bedard T, Adejumo O, Sharps P, Bradshaw P (2009) Methodological Challenges of Researching Positive Action Measures. The International Journal of Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations. 9(5)

Archibong U, Eferakorho J, Darr A, Scally A, Atkin K, Baxter C, Johnson MRD, Bell M, Waddington L, Wladasch K, Bedard T, Adejumo O, Sharps P, Bradshaw P (2009) Perceptions of the Impact of Positive Action in EU and non-EU Countries.The International Journal of Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations. 9 (5)

Papageorgiou N, Carpenter E, Scally AJ, Tobin DJ (2008) Adult human epidermal melanocytes for neurodegeneration research. Neuroreport. 19(18) 1787-91

Brealey S, Scally AJ (2008) Methodological approaches to evaluating the practice of radiographers’ interpretation of images: A review. Radiography. 14 e46-e54

Todd J, Scally A, Dodwell D, Horgan K, Topping A (2008) A randomised controlled trial of two programmes of shoulder exercise following axillary node dissection for invasive breast cancer. Physiotherapy. 94: 265–273

Walshaw CA, Owens JM, Scally AJ, Walshaw MJ (2008) Does breastfeeding method influence infant weight gain? Arch Dis Child. 93: 292-296

Vale A, Scally A, Buckley JG, Elliot DB (2008) The effects of monocular refractive blur on gait parameters when negotiating a raised surface. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 28: 135-142

Buckley JG, MacLellan MJ, Tucker MW, Scally AJ, Bennett SJ (2008) Visual guidance of landing behaviour when stepping down to a new level. Exp Brain Res. 184: 223-232

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